If God existed, could he be all powerful or would he be constrained?Many religions (or at least many adherents to most religions) believe that God has all power to do anything. This is a belief in the absolutism of God. Anyone who believes in the absolutism of God believes in the primacy of consciousness over reality. Anyone who believes in the primacy of consciousness cannot be reasoned with since they must reject the fundamental axioms of knowledge. They implicitly reject reason even though they try to reason with you about their beliefs.
If the scriptures are true, then the verses that suggest that God is all powerful must be interpreted to mean that He has all power that can be had. It cannot mean that He can do anything. Here is a list of things that God cannot do based on my previous posts(here, here, and here):
- God cannot create or destroy matter.
- God cannot create or destroy intelligence.
- God cannot withdraw himself from time.
- God cannot withdraw himself from space.
- God cannot break basic and fundamental laws of the universe (in other words God cannot both choose to act and choose the consequences of His actions on a basic level.)
- God cannot change the law of identity (the fact that A=A).
- God cannot change the most fundamental laws of causality.
- God cannot change the laws of logic.
- God cannot change the principles of mathematics.
- The Christian God cannot save mankind without the Atonement of His Son Jesus Christ.
- The Christian God cannot save mankind without allowing men to have free agency.
If one believes that God or any consciousness could change these basic principles of reality, then he/she must give up rationality. Why? Because these unchanging principles are the foundation of reason and rationality.